But for Christians, we know that in it’s darkness, in it’s fascination with death, it is light our world needs. That light of course, is the light of Christ. For those of us who profess to be Christian, we are called to bring that light into the darkness. We cannot hide our light under a bushel.
That doesn’t mean that we “bible bash” as the old saying goes, but we must bring hope to those whom we meet. We must not be afraid to speak with great compassion and love when evil abounds around us.
If I had been around in the time of Nazi Germany, when the Jews, the disabled, the gypsies, the Christians and the homosexuals were being taken away to be killed in the death camps, I would hope that I would have had the courage to speak up or to be one of those who hid their fellow human beings from the Gestapo. I would hope that I would have had courage to do what was right, what was just.
Today we have our own death camps. They are the abortion clinics. The people who work in them are enslaved by lies and deception, the men and women who walk into them, thinking there is no other option to their situation are deprived of hope. The babies that are carried into these death camps, in what should be the safety of their mother’s wombs, do not, in most cases, leave alive.
The devil rejoices at the abortion clinics. He rejoices because he has power over them. He resides there. He sucks the life out of all those who enter the doors. He rejoices because there he has the power to turn souls from Christ. There he has power to destroy God’s creation, made in His image and likeness.
When we, as Christ’s body, stand outside these death camps and publicly witness to God’s love, we bring hope to those inside. When we stand there asking for God’s forgiveness, for his intervention, many blessings abound.
We are called to be the light in the darkness. We are called to bring Christ to the world. We are called to do this no matter how hard it is, how busy we are or how fearful we may be.
Imagine Jesus hanging on the cross. He is in an agony that defies belief. There are two people at the foot of that cross – Mary and John. How alone he must have felt. When we feel embarrassed, or alone, or afraid of what is to come, remember that scene. What we have to suffer for what is right, what is just, is only a slither of that which Christ suffered for each and every single one of us.
So, on this eve of the 40 Days for Life vigil, I urge you to not be afraid and come to the death camps if you can. Come pray, come be a sign of hope, come and be a light in this world of darkness.
Is it possible for someone to exist before their mother was even pregnant? Sounds like I’m are talking about IVF, but I’m are actually talking about normal, natural pregnancy. If your local contraceptive promoter is correct, then you existed before your mother was pregnant with you. Here’s the (il)logic of it:
Not long after the pill was discovered, it was found that it could prevent an embryo from implanting into the uterus. By the definition of pregnancy used back then (and commonly used now), this is an abortion. One solution to the ‘problem’ was to redefine pregnancy to start at implantation. This is exactly what ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists) and many pro-abortion organisations did.
So how widely is this definition of pregnancy used? Pretty much exclusively for the promotion of abortifacient contraception, and human embryo research.
It’s not the definition that’s used for estimating due dates in maternity care.
When a pregnant women has her due date worked out by her doctor or midwife, the calculation starts from her last menstrual period. This is her gestational age. It’s a convenient measure of pregnancy, because the last menstrual period is a notable event to start calculations. Conception (fertilisation) is a hidden event, and generally takes place approximately 15 days after the ‘start’ date. But the counting here is a convenience, and no one tries to mislead the women that she was ‘with baby’ before fertilisation. Most online pregnancy calculators even calculate an estimated date of conception (fertilisation)1. Any good doctor or midwife will explain this to the pregnant women.
The second way of dating pregnancy is foetal age (sometimes called embryonic age or fertilisation age). It’s used in ultrasound, because in early pregnancy its possible to use the size of the growing baby to work out his or her age. This is the age from fertilisation. Although for convenience, it’s often converted to gestational age.
Both measures of pregnancy include fertilisation.
So why this new, and not so well used definition of pregnancy?
It’s purely political. And it leads the ridiculous situation when a women is told that she wasn’t pregnant for about the first week of her baby’s existence. This isn’t a simple convenience in dating the pregnancy, it’s actually meant to mislead women. If she’s considering using an IUD or taking the morning after pill, and asks if it can cause an abortion, she will be told “No”. That might suit the definition of pregnancy of the person giving the answer. But it’s not addressing the concerns of the women. And by the commonly held and used definition of pregnancy, that answer has the moral equivalence of a lie.
This is also an issue when interpreting the consumer information on ‘contraceptives’ too. When a medication can prevent implantation, the manufacturer’s description almost always says that it ‘prevents the implantation of a fertilised egg’. That’s when they bother to mention it at all. At this stage of human development, the ‘fertilised egg’ is called a blastocyst. And just before implantation the blastocyst has 200-300 cells, not just the single cell of a fertilised egg. There is even differentiation of tissue into cells that will become the placenta. A ‘fertilised egg’ isn’t a good decryption anymore. It’s an attempt to dehumanise the baby, In the IVF industry, they use the more generic term of embryo at this stage. They reserve the term ‘egg’ to describe the ova that they collect from women undergoing IVF.
There was once a defence for the ‘pregnancy at implantation’ claims. When the claim was first made, it wasn’t possible the detect pregnancy until after implantation. That is no longer true. There is an assay that can detect pregnancy 24-48 hours after fertilisation. It’s called the Rosette inhibition assay. Unfortunately it isn’t commercially available. But it has been used in research, and it allows scientists to eavesdrop on part of the early biochemical conversation between the child and their mother. A conversation that begins before implantation.
During this time the tiny baby (blastocyst) announces their presence biochemically to his or her mother. And the mother responds by altering her immune system so she can nurture and protect her child. It’s intimate and nurturing interaction.
Surely this deserves to be called pregnancy.
“Tolerance is the virtue of a man without convictions.” G. K. Chesterton (1874-1936)
Something about ‘tolerance’ has always made me uncomfortable. I’ve long been aware that the loudest preachers of tolerance are the ones who are the most intolerant of my own beliefs. I’m well aware of that, and the contradiction of it, but somehow it never really was the reason.
And those who preach tolerance are full of conviction. It’s their followers who they expect to abandon their convictions, or conform to what is politically correct. We all know plenty of them. I’ve also been aware of this for a long time, but it was never the whole source of what was bothering me about ‘tolerance’.
There was always something else that I could never put my finger on.
Then I was blessed enough to hear Fr Jim Brand from Vatican radio talking about ‘tolerance’, and my eyes were opened. “What might we tolerate?” he asked, “A fly buzzing around…”
Essentially he was reminding us all that when we only ‘tolerate’ something bad or irritating. When we declare our tolerance of a person, it’s actually a put down. And that’s a problem for a Christian. The worth of each and every person comes from them being made in the image and likeness of God. Whether it’s a ‘reproductive rights’ protestor, an expectant mum at a pregnancy centre, or her preborn child. Another human being is never a ‘thing’ to be ‘tolerated’, but a chance for us to practice our Christian vocation of love.
So tolerance is far below the standard required of a Christian. If an expectant Mum came into our centre, and I merely tolerated her because of her beliefs about abortion, then I have failed her, myself and our Lord.
Her, because she will pick up the difference between a ‘tolerant’ attitude and a true Christian attitude of unconditional love. It’s the reason that faith based crisis pregnancy centres have been so effective. I’ve failed myself because I’ve failed to live up to my Christian vocation, and it doing so, I’ve failed our Lord too.
But there is the call to be intolerant. Yes, Christians are called to be intolerant. Our Lord himself showed a great deal of intolerance towards the practice of ‘money changing’ in the temple.
While we are not to be intolerant of people, there is plenty we are called to be intolerant too: Abortion, contraception, poverty, human trafficking, violence and anything that robs people of their God given dignity.
It’s our mission and vocation to bring the Gospel of Life, a world where everyone experiences God given grace and dignity, from conception to natural death. And it’s our job to be intolerant to a culture of death that robs people of their God given dignity, and then so often, their lives too.
And in this, may we never be that man without a conviction!
“All men are equal as all pennies are equal, because the only value in any of them is that they bear the image of the King.” G. K. Chesterton (1874-1936)
AUCKLAND, New Zealand, February 17, 2014 (LifeSiteNews.com) – A pro-euthanasia campaigner has called for New Zealand to follow Belgium’s lead by legalizing euthanasia for children.
Lesley Martin, who was convicted for attempting to murder her mother, believes the practice is already happening in New Zealand, although “covertly” and “without official sanction.”
“It’s because doctors are compassionate people and they can see a terminally ill child suffering and still administer excessive doses of medication in the same way that they do with adults,” Martin claimed in an interview with 3News.
However this assertion has been contested by Dr. David Richmond, emeritus professor of geriatric medicine and spokesperson for Euthanasia-Free NZ. He believes that the Australia and New Zealand Society for Palliative Care “would strenuously deny that terminally ill children are deliberately overdosed with medication so as to bring about their early death.”
Martin’s allegation, he says, is a deliberate attempt at “trying to convince the New Zealand public that there is already widespread use of euthanasia in New Zealand,” in order “to soften them up for the re-introduction of the End of Life Choice Bill or its successor.”
The End of Life Choice Bill, was introduced into the private member’s ballot by Labour MP Maryan Street in 2012. It was withdrawn in September 2013 amidst pressure from her party, which did not want such an emotive topic debated in 2014, an election year.
Had the bill passed into law, adults would have been able to request euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide for an “irreversible physical or mental medical condition that, in the person’s view, renders his or her life unbearable.”
Euthanasia for children is a possibility that Street has not ruled out. At a 2013 public meeting in New Plymouth, she commented on the issue saying that it “was a bridge too far in my view at this time,” but “that might be something that may happen in the future.”
Dr Richmond believes that this indicates “she and other proponents of legalising euthanasia” are “planning behind the scenes to extend the indications as soon as they think the public will stomach them.”
Concerned about children’s vulnerability, Richmond contests that they will “have no power to counter the opinion of adults, especially doctors” who believe “that their best option is death.”
He warns that Belgium’s move to legalize child euthanasia “is showing us that once legalised, euthanasia spreads like an epidemic to include everyone from the youngest to the oldest in its fearsome grip.”
As I have been reviewing the literature related to life issues, one thing has struck me, how much we don’t know.
Here I’m primarily talking about how ‘contraceptives’ work. And it is concerning just how comfortable people, especially pro-abortion people are in using and advocating the use of contraceptives when some of the key pieces knowledge of them is missing.
Some things are easy to study in contraception. Ovulation isn’t hard to detect. It can be inferred from analysing a woman’s hormones over time, or it can be observed directly by ultrasound. However, many modern ‘contraceptives’ aren’t effective in inhibiting ovulation. And some don’t inhibit it at all.
Once ovulation occurs, so called ‘contraceptives’ have several mechanisms to pregnancy or birth.
Many cite the changes to the cervical mucus as a major mode of action. The pill and the morning after pill both cite this as one of their mechanisms of action. The evidence for the morning after pill is weak. Where changes are found, although the changes are substantial, the effects were not absolute. Unlike inhibiting ovulation, the effect causes a reduction in fertility, not a complete absence.
Hormonal methods with synthetic progestins (the pill, the morning after pill and some IUDs) can affect the transport in the fallopian tube. If it’s gametes, the effect is contraceptive. If the transport of the embryo is affected, the effect is likely to be abortifacient.
There are a number of other effects on male gametes that are contraceptive, but no one knows what contribution these have to the contraceptive effect. At best they would only seem to cause a reduction of fertility.
The final effect is the endometrium becoming unreceptive to a human embryo. This causes early abortions. The human embryo is a new human being. He or she is genetically different from his or her mother, and clearly and individual human in their own right.
The language used by drug companies to describe this abortifacient affect is often obscure. One example is “the endometrium is rendered unreceptive to implantation” or even as obscure as, “controlling the monthly development of the womb lining so that it is not thick enough for you to become pregnant”. Some organisations have redefined pregnancy to only start after implantation, and refuse to use the word ‘abortion’ before then, even when it most clearly describes the death of these tiny human beings. This definition is one of semantics. All of the people who use that definition existed before they were implanted in their mother’s womb.
But how often do the synthetic hormones in contraceptives cause these early abortions? The answer is that we just don’t know. There are some ways to find out, but no one is doing that research, or if they are, they aren’t publishing it. Does the mini pill cause early abortions in 50% of cycles, or in only 1%? We just don’t know. And most women using these medicines and devices have no idea that they can cause early abortions.
Many of them would be concerned if it was clearly explained to them. But the companies who sell these medicines and devices jump through linguistic loops to make sure you can read their information, and not realise it causes early abortions, unless you know exactly the language to look for.
When a women is taking these synthetic chemicals, she has no idea of how they work on any given cycle. And thanks to the deliberately vague manufacturer information, she may have no idea that they can kill tiny humans before implantation. This isn’t empowerment. It’s exploitation.
It a just world, the exact modes of action of these synthetic chemicals would researched, quantified, published and then clearly explained to the users.
And in a truly grace filled world, we would all use the women friendly methods of Natural Fertility Regulation if we needed to avoid pregnancy.
Thousands of people throughout the world are preparing to participate in 40 Days for Life, a prayer campaign that seeks to bring about the end to abortion.
This year, for the first time, we will be joining amazing people of faith as we pray outside Auckland Medical Aid Centre (AMAC) and Wellington Hospital (where they perform abortions at the Te Mahoe Unit). In Dunedin, there will also be prayer outside Dunedin Hospital, held in solidarity with 40 Days for Life.
Prayer must be at the very heart of any pro-life efforts undertaken by those who profess to be Christian, for this is a spiritual battle. Without God our efforts are powerless. Through our prayer, humility and obedience we can serve with love all those involved in abortion – whether they be mothers, fathers, grandparents or abortion providers and staff.
will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways,
then will I hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and will heal their land.”
This is a prayer effort that, we pray, will unite people of all denominations in New Zealand. Together, let us rise up and pray for an end to abortion. Let us pray with a faith that moves mountains. Let these 40 Days be the start of our nation’s healing.
Will you give just one hour of prayer outside an abortion facility during this 40 Days for Life Campaign? Maybe you can give an hour every week? Please consider just how much time your can sacrifice to pray for an end to abortion and then SIGN UP NOW!
Or for more information, and to contact our Dunedin office please visit the Family Life International NZ website.
“With God, all things are possible!”
~ Matthew 19:26
In the name of keeping their teens ‘safe’, many parents do precisely the opposite as they enable sexual exploits in their own homes. Most parents would not have considered allowing their teen have a boyfriend or girlfriend stay over 20 years ago, but it appears that the times have changed significantly, and this is becoming the ‘norm’.
Some of the reasons cited by parents who allow sexual sleepovers include:
- keeping teens safe
- knowing where they are
- being able to communicate, especially about contraception
- greater trust in the parent
- feeling of responsibility in the teen
Certainly, allowing your teen to engage in sexual exploits under your roof with their girlfriend or boyfriend of the time will keep you in the loop about where they are and who they are with. Your teen may even speak to you more candidly – but this isn’t a given.
But the overall thinking here is flawed. By giving teens what we think they want, we are not giving them what they need.
The safe-sex lie is still being perpetrated today, and parents have brought it, much to Family Planning and their cohort’s joy! There is this thinking in the community, which seems to be becoming more prevalent, that if you use a condom, or some other form of contraception, and if all parties involved “consent” then you are ‘safe’.
A number of parents who want to keep their children ‘safe’ make sure their teens (especially boys) have condoms available to them. By doing so they are creating a ticking time bomb.
These parents might be shocked to know that according to the New Zealand Abortion Supervisory Report, 46% of women who had an abortion in the year ended 2012, had been using contraception at the time they became pregnant. 60% of those were using condoms!
Contrary to popular belief, condoms are not perfect at preventing the spread of STDs. The US Center for Disease Control (CDC) acknowledge this in their fact sheet on Condom Effectiveness where they state that “consistent and correct use of male latex condoms can reduce (though not eliminate) the risk of STD transmission.”
“The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),” the CDC says “are to abstain from sexual activity or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.”
Other “contraceptive” methods, especially hormonal methods, wreak havoc with a women’s bodies. Besides numerous side effects, which range from the uncomfortable (e.g. weight gain) to the downright scary (e.g. death), the Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill is classed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a Class 1 carcinogen.
Why would we want to expose our young women to that? Hardly safe.
Will your teen thank you for allowing them to do as they please under your roof years down the track when they have contracted an STD (or several); had an abortion; become a single parent; had multiple sexual partners; found themselves infertile?
Rather than giving in to the premise that “they’re going to do anyway”, parents need to raise the bar. Young people need high expectations of them – they need to know that they are actually capable of controlling their sexual urges and will do so if they are encouraged and given good reasons. We as a society need to stop thinking that young people are animals without any self-control. We also need to set the boundaries and give them a reason to put their energies into other pursuits such as sports and studies and community service.
We need to rebuild a marriage culture that values a life-long commitment of one man and one woman for the benefit of children. Marriage must be seen by all in society as integral to the stability of our communities so that young people aspire and commit to it. Girls in particular dream of the stability of marriage, but somewhere along the way the dream gets lost. We need to encourage that dream!
A great paradigm shift is needed in society. It can be done, one family at a time; one community at a time. Let’s take up the challenge and keep our youth truly safe!
According to news reports, politicians flocked to the Big Gay Out yesterday, taking the opportunity to remind festival goers that they had voted to redefine marriage last year.
The Prime Minister, John Key, attending for the 8th time, happily posed for photos with drag queens and scantily dressed topless men, while declaring the event a “celebration of diversity in New Zealand.”
Taking credit for helping the marriage legislation to go through, Key told the press, “If I hadn’t voted for gay marriage, it’s less likely that it would have passed.”
Joining him from his National Party were Nikki Kay, MP for Auckland Central and Maurice Williamson, who will go down in history for his arrogant rant at all those who opposed redefining marriage.
Key’s rival from Labour, David Cunliffe, also attended, as did the Greens, and Auckland Mayor Len Brown; each keen to be seen not only as supporting, but celebrating the gay lifestyle.
The Big Gay Out is targeted not only at adults, but as a “family day”. Face painters and performers were available to help entertain the children and families were encouraged to bring a picnic. Comments on a Stuff video of the event described how great it was to see so many families and children.
One wonders how parents could possibly think that exposing their children to a constant display of sexually themed dress-ups, music and displays is responsible.
Yet parents will expose their children to even more sexually explicit viewing, when they visit the Auckland Pride Parade on 22 February. This parade usually features topless women, people wearing only body art and in times past floats with a masochist leaning.
The Big Gay Out and the Auckland Pride Parade are part of the two week long Auckland Pride Festival which features a whole host of events. The festival is partnered by Auckland Tourism, Events and Economic Development (an organisation of the Auckland Council); Unitec; the Embassy of the United States of America; Love Your Condom; the radio station ZM; as well as GayNZ and Peaches and Cream adult shops. The Big Gay Out is sponsored by the AIDS Foundation and Durex.
Each year the gay agenda in New Zealand is becoming more and more widely accepted. Children are growing up exposed to lifestyles that only a few short decades ago would never have been dreamed of. The understanding of family pertaining to mum, dad and the kids is now long gone, and events such as the Big Gay Out further work towards destroying the natural family, replacing it with an “anything goes” approach as long as everyone is ‘loved’ and happy.
It is difficult to see how the dignity of the human person can be upheld at events such as these. How many people are laughed at rather than with? How many people are hiding behind their costumes, harboring a deep hurt that even they do not recognize?
What kind of example are politicians, parents and organisations giving children when they endorse these behaviours?
New Zealander’s must remember which politicians flocked to the Big Gay Out. This coming election is a serious one. Clear lines no longer exist between left and right, between moral and immoral. Our vote must be considered very carefully. It will be a vote for death or for life.
A list of how MPs vote on the Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Bill, which redefined marriage in New Zealand can be found on the Family Life International NZ website.
Yet another story has come to light in the last week about a young 15 year old girl’s life destroyed by abortion.
The brave mother of the girl, who is now 16, rung Leighton Smith (a very popular radio talk back host) last Friday, to tell her story of betrayal, hurt and despair. These words are not too strong – in fact are they strong enough? What I am about to tell you is beyond belief and is a very sad example of how politicians, and we as a society, have failed our children.
A few short weeks ago this distraught mother discovered that her daughter, who had just left home, had had an abortion months earlier. Finally her daughter’s downward spiral made sense. This is why her once happy daughter was now depressed, crying constantly, answering her mother back. This was the reason why her daughter had misbehaved at school so much that meetings were called with the teachers. This is why her daughter failed her exams last year. The puzzle was complete.
But finding out that her daughter had undergone an abortion at 16 weeks without her knowledge or consent was just the beginning of the story.
It turns out this child and her family had been failed by so many people along the way.
She was failed by the school counsellor, who booked her a taxi and gave her money to go off to the hospital with a 15 year old acquaintance for the abortion.
She was failed by the boyfriend who walked away and did not stand up to his responsibilities as the father of the preborn child.
She was failed by the acquaintance (who should never have been put in this position in the first place) who left her at the hospital and went back to school to let everyone know just what the girl was up to that day.
She was failed by the school who did not at any time let her mother know that she had had an abortion, even though they were privy to this information.
She was failed by the hospital who would not provide any services when her mother, who was absolutely beside herself, rung for some kind of post abortion help.
She was failed by our laws which say that a child under the age of 16 can consent to an abortion, or receive contraception without the knowledge or consent of parents or legal guardians.
She was failed by our politicians who are too afraid to speak up for our children because abortion is a “hot potato issue”; and who are too eager to worship at the foot of the great god of “reproductive health” and “women’s choice”.
She was failed by us because we have not done enough to speak up for our children. We have not spoken loud enough and clearly enough and often enough as a people that parents are the first teachers of their children and that we have a right to know what is going on with our children. We tend to let it go when we are not heard and we fail to express that we will not be walked over by our policy makers and all those who push their left-wing, family destroying ideologies.
Family Planning, revered by so many parents today as a “safe place” for their children to turn to once they enter into a sexual relationship, would have been no help to this family. They too would ensure that the child received the abortion without parental knowledge or consent. In this instance, the mother would have been still left not knowing what had happened to her daughter.
The answers and healing for this mother might come through trying to get an apology from the counsellor and those she sees as the perpetrators of this crime against her daughter. They need to be held account. But the hurt her daughter is feeling is not just because she was failed by so many people; the hurt is deep because she had an abortion. The daughter knows this. She needs to find peace and healing so that she can be whole again. Then, this mother might see her daughter come back. She will be scarred and bruised, but more like the person she used to be.
It is time that we stop treating our children as mini adults when it comes to sexual matters.
It is time that parents are treated by the powers that be, as worthy of respect and honour, and as important people in the lives of their children.
It is time that parents are kept in the loop about their children – not just about how well (or not so well) they are doing academically and socially, but in every aspect of their lives.
Parents need to know that their daughter is pregnant, or that their son has put a girl in this position. Yes, parents may be angry to begin with – they have a right to be, but most parents want what is best for their children. They want to make things right.
Parents also need to know that while abortion may seem like the easy “quick fix” to a problem which may be perceived as embarrassing or a life-long burden, it has the potential to emotionally and physically harm their child. Do they want this for their precious child? Parents also need to know that abortion will kill their pre-born grandchild. Can they live with this?
Parents need to be given a chance to do their best for their children.
Now is the time to ensure that this story doesn’t repeat.
See this American Fact Sheet about Teen Abortion Risks from the UnChoice.com for further information about some of the effects of abortion teen girls may experience.
There is a lot of misleading information about the “morning after pill” or “emergency contraception”.
Much of this misleading information about the “morning after pill or “emergency contraception” has statements like “Won’t cause an abortion if you are already pregnant” or “It doesn’t harm you or a developing embryo”, or “it just prevents fertilisation of the egg”. These statements misrepresent the science behind ‘emergency contraception’.
In New Zealand, only two forms of “emergency contraception” are available. The “emergency contraceptive” pill, or the copper IUD. There is broad consensus that the copper IUD is capable of preventing an embryo (living human being) from implanting into the uterus. By the traditional definition of pregnancy this in an abortion.
But is the emergency ‘contraceptive’ pill also capable of destroying a human life?
In New Zealand, there is only one form of emergency ‘contraceptive’ pill, and its 1.5mg of levonorgestrel taken once as a single dose, or twice in 750 mcg doses. There are other pills available in other countries, but this is currently the only type of pill in New Zealand.
It’s thought that levonorgestrel works mainly by inhibiting ovulation, but it isn’t reliably able to do this if taken on the day before or the day of ovulation[i]. This coincides with a women’s peak libido and when she is most likely in engage in intercourse[ii]. It’s also the two days when she is most likely to get pregnant. So how does it work when it fails to stop ovulation? The makers of one of these medications is honest enough to admit that the precise mode of action “is not known”.
There are however some clues from the research.
One of the mechanisms that many cite is preventing sperm transport and function. Levonorgestrel doesn’t seem to affect the function of sperm as the concentrations used in emergency ‘contraception’, and sperm can reach the fallopian tube in 5 minutes[iii]. Another possible mode of action is affecting the transport of oocytes (eggs) and embryos in the fallopian tubes. This is plausible as progesterone affects the transport mechanisms in the fallopian tube[iv], and levonorgestrel is a synthetic progestogen. If the transport of the embryo to the uterus was disrupted, or even just slowed, the survival chances of this tiny human being are reduced. If tubal transport was affected then it probable that ectopic pregnancies would be more likely. In New Zealand Medsafe currently have a warning about emergency ‘contraception’ and ectopic pregnancy.
The last suggested mode of action is levonorgestrel inhibiting implantation. This is listed as a mode of action for one brand of levonorgestrel. Changes in the endometrium have been observed after treatment with levonorgestrel[v]. And in a model system only 43% of embryos attached in the presence of levonorgestrel compared with 59% of controls[vi], although this was reported as not statistically significant due to the low number of embryos uses (46 embryos destroyed for this research). No scientist has ever directly observed the implantation of a human embryo into a women’s uterus. So when people make sweeping statements that emergency contraception can’t or never prevents implantation, they don’t have anything conclusive to back up their claims.
The numbers are against them too. There are only 6 days in each month when a women is likely to become pregnant. The greatest probability of conception is on the last 2 of these days. And these are precisely the days when levonorgestrel is ineffective at blocking ovulation. So the question is, how can levonorgestrel be up to 95% effective at preventing pregnancy? Clearly it has modes of action other than blocking ovulation.
There is one way to tell if and when levonorgestrel is causing abortions by killing humans at the embryo stage, before implantation. It’s a very early pregnancy test called the ‘rosette inhibition assay’. It capable of detecting fertilisation within 24-48 hours. That’s days before implantation. This has been used to detect fertilisation in women using interuterine devices[vii]. It could be used to confirm once and for all the mode of action of levonorgestrel. But no one has been interested in publishing the results from this assay for years. I wonder if they are afraid of what they will find?
[i] K. Gemzell-Danielsson and L. Marions, “Mechanisms of Action of Mifepristone and Levonorgestrel When Used for Emergency Contraception,” Human Reproduction Update 10, no. 4 (July 1, 2004): 341–348, doi:10.1093/humupd/dmh027.
[ii] A. J. Wilcox et al., “On the Frequency of Intercourse around Ovulation: Evidence for Biological Influences,” Human Reproduction 19, no. 7 (July 1, 2004): 1539–1543, doi:10.1093/humrep/deh305.
[iii] Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Cecilia Berger, and Lalitkumar P G L, “Emergency Contraception — Mechanisms of Action,” Contraception 87, no. 3 (March 2013): 300–308, doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2012.08.021.
[iv] T. Mahmood et al., “The Effect of Ovarian Steroids on Epithelial Ciliary Beat Frequency in the Human Fallopian Tube.,” Human Reproduction 13, no. 11 (November 1, 1998): 2991–2994, doi:10.1093/humrep/13.11.2991.
[v] M F Vargas et al., “Effect of Single Post-Ovulatory Administration of Levonorgestrel on Gene Expression Profile during the Receptive Period of the Human Endometrium,” Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 48, no. 1 (February 2012): 25–36, doi:10.1530/JME-11-0094.
[vi] P. G. L. Lalitkumar et al., “Mifepristone, but Not Levonorgestrel, Inhibits Human Blastocyst Attachment to an in Vitro Endometrial Three-Dimensional Cell Culture Model,” Human Reproduction 22, no. 11 (November 1, 2007): 3031–3037, doi:10.1093/humrep/dem297.
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